Innovation for Life.

Milestones in Paragon’s Development

The following chronology of events has shaped Paragon’s path to innovations and discovery in Medicine, Sport, Climate Science, and Energy System development.

1964  

Sport:  Brakeman Peter Kirby, uncle to Paragon founder Sam Bock (then 5) invents the first bobsled sprint shoe to enhance traction on snow and ice.  The Canadian Team upsets the world favorites with their fast starts & good driving and wins the Olympic Gold medal in 4-man Bobsled in Innsbruck, Austria.  A few years later adidas copies the basic design and produces the same model for 2 decades.

1980

Science: While studying particle physics & nuclear chemistry at Middlebury College, Bock disagrees with the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and the probabilistic atomic “electron cloud” model described by Quantum Mechanics theory.  Instead, he proposes electrons orbit the atomic nucleus in an essentially 2-dimensional plane, creating a super electric current and magnetic field that define electron structure and explain noble gases. Also disagrees with the notion of a gravitational constant, and proposes that gravity’s force fluctuates based on matter’s density, and that gravity is the source of the Strong Force holding the atomic nucleus together.  Both theories are dismissed by professors, but intrigue the students.  (In 2008 Bock learns Dr. Randell Mills has also proposed that electrons travel in 2-dimensional supercurrents as part of Mills’ transformational theoretical research work on the nature of electron behavior about the atom.  In 2009 Dr. Mills’ research findings are independently validated at Rowan University by Dr. Peter Jansson (Physics Ph.D. University of Cambridge, and currently a visiting fellow at Cambridge).  In 2010 Dr. Mills’ research findings are independently validated by the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA).  The CfA is the world's largest and most diverse center for the study of the Universe, comprising the astronomy and astrophysics programs of two renowned scientific institutions: the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University.

1982

Science / Engineering: Bock receives his degree in Economics and Environmental Science from Middlebury College.  His thesis is a an economic / scientific analysis & forecast of North America’s future energy needs and technology use, focusing on fossil fuels, nuclear power and alternative sources.  While considered controversial at the time, it accurately forecasts the decline of the American nuclear power industry due to excess ionizing radiation and associated metal fatigue in reactor cores and heat exchangers.  

1983 - 1986

Finance: Upon graduating Bock works on Wall Street and in Denver in utility & energy-related banking & project finance for 4 years.  Develops first Lotus-123 based computer programs to allow Chemical Bank to generate cashflow analysis and projections.  In Denver uses computer programs to help successfully develop loan work-out solutions for over-leveraged companies in the depressed oil & gas sector.

1985  

January: Sport: Bock uses work-vacation to start bobsledding in Lake Placid, New York.  He becomes hooked on the sport, and begins extensive sprint and power training in spare time.

1986   

February: Sport: Bock finishes second in FIBT bobsled driving school race (Lake Placid).

August: Leaves finance career, and moves to Calgary, Alberta to become full-time amateur bobsled athlete.

November: Science / Sport: Bock first meets former Canadian Football League wide receiver Steve Hall, who is also now training to make Canada’s national bobsleigh team.  A year later they become training partners, and begin intensive study of the most effective athletic training.

December: Sport:  Bock finishes 7th in Canadian 2-man Bobsled Championships.

1987  

March: Engineering / Sport / Medical: Canada lacks competitive bobsleigh equipment and athletes.  Bock begins engineering research into aerodynamics, metallurgy, tribology, suspension and vibration dampening systems, composite materials and mould making, various welding and metal fabrication techniques, and other applied sciences/technologies critical to bobsled design.  (The best racing sleds available cost $50,000 and are hard to obtain, and new sled technology development programs cost as much as much as $1,000,000 to fund.) 

In an effort to further improve the competitiveness of Canadian athletes, Bock begins researching bio-mechanics, bio-chemical analysis, and nutrition chemistry necessary to achieve world class athletic results without steroid use.  Background in atomic physics and chemistry provides foundation to research why electrons, atoms, chemicals, and life forms organize as they do; and to better understand why biochemical processes in the body have evolved as they have. 

At the time most in high-level sport believe the use of anabolic drugs is the only way to improve human performance beyond perceived natural boundaries of performance.  Athletic records set the following year at the 1988 Winter and Summer Olympics are so superior to those achieved prior, that many think these levels will not be achieved again with the introduction of sophisticated drug testing.  Initially that sentiment appears to be correct, as for the next few years athletic performances began to fall off in most power sports.

Bock takes a different approach to improving human strength, health, and performance.  Whereas anabolic steroids target one aspect of human biochemistry, his research shows that:

  1. modern farmlands have become contaminated and depleted in minerals, 
  2. most athletes eat a poor selection of foods, 
  3. all normal physiological function requires interdependent and properly balanced enzyme action.

He hypothesizes: (1) most western athletes are malnourished and lacking important nutrients for superior health & athletic performance; (2) if this can be corrected, athletes might approach levels of athletic performance only considered possible with anabolic drugs.

August: Engineering / Sport: Bock designs & builds a new bobsled steering system. 

December: Engineering / Sport: Bock finishes 3rd in the Canadian Bobsled Championships with modified steering system and brakeman Ken Leblanc — a future 4-time Olympian.  

1988  

January: Engineering / Sport: Based on tribology research, Bock modifies bobsled runner metallurgy to reduce thermal conductivity, sliding friction, and wear. 

February:Engineering / Sport: New steering system and specially prepared nitrided steel runners are used by the Canadian Olympic Bobsled team at the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympic Games to help achieve Canada’s best-ever modern results to that date.  Modified runners and sled significantly outperform all others acquired for the Canadian National Team’s 1988 Olympic effort.

April: Sport: Bock forms non-profit Paragon Bobsleigh Association with Steve Hall, Kevin Tyler, and David Leuty.  Tyler begins sharing his knowledge of sprint mechanics and training.  This provides the foundation for years of Paragon training research to come that ultimately helps produce Paragon’s revolutionary sport training principles and competition successes for athletes using them. 

August: Sport: Paragon athletes dominate Canadian National Bobsled Team training camps, setting several new national push records.

September: Medical / Sport: The Ben Johnson steroid scandal breaks at the 1988 Seoul Summer Olympics — steroid use in amateur sport is at a new peak.  

Bock continues research of most important nutrients and food sources for athletes, determines which needed to be enhanced for athletics, and makes further adjustments for mineral depletion, environmental contamination, and other factors affecting the modern food chain.  With compounding pharmacists, he prepares and tests supplements and nutrition regimens for himself and the athletes he and Steve Hall are training.

The world-class speed & power and outstanding athletic results achieved naturally through Paragon’s biochemical analysis and targeted nutrition regimens are rapid and unprecedented.  Paragon athletes would set the first of many world records just 4 years later in 1992.  They (and other athletes using them) go on to set many more world records in their sports, in many cases far surpassing those set in 1988 using anabolic steroids.

1989

Winter-Spring: Science / Sport: Paragon’s Bock, Hall, and Tyler study slow motion video of Ben Johnson’s sprint mechanics and Swiss bobsledder Bruno Gerber’s push mechanics for countless hours, learning something new most times they review them.

August: Engineering / Sport:  Bock and Steve Hall form Paragon Technologies Ltd., a privately held company, to develop new bobsled equipment and training techniques for Canadian success in power/speed sports.  The first project is the design of a new world class bobsled for Canadian athletes.

New Paragon directors Lindsay Hood & Mike Smith invest $5000 each, and help convince the Spurt Investment Fund II to contribute $30,000. Lorne Graham also invest $5000.  George Thorpe helps Paragon secure $10,000 of National Research Council IRAP grants to develop bobsled technology.  George also  becomes a director of the company.  The company will eventually be renamed ParagonSciences in 2011.

October: Science / Sport: Canada and Northern Hemisphere countries lack proper indoor speed training facilities with long runways necessary to develop motor memory required for improved top speed.  Paragon athletes begin winter speed training for track and field inside Calgary’s Olympic speed skating oval to take advantage of its long straightaways. 

1990

Engineering / Sport: Paragon begins designing & manufacturing first bobsled prototypes at Aerotech’s fabrication plant in Calgary.  To help reduce fabrication costs, owners Phil Kristenson and Dave Meyer teach Bock TIG welding and Hall how to cut and grind metal parts.  They also extend free use of the plant to fabricate first bobsleds designed and built in Canada.    

April: Science / Sport: Paragon begins its Motor-Specific-Resistance (MSR) training research and develops the weighted split jump training drill.  Paragon athletes begin experimenting with this new training and see dramatic results and improvements in speed and power.

Meanwhile Paragon continues it biochemical research on nutrients and their affects on human physiology and performance.

May: Engineering / Sport: Paragon and Canstar / Bauer’s Ken Hall begin exchanging ideas on metallurgical techniques and compounds to improve skate blades and bobsled runners.

December: Science / Sport:  After Bock reads Udo Erasmus’s 1986 groundbreaking research book Fats and Oils — The complete Guide to Fats and Oils in Health and Nutrition, Paragon athletes begin supplementing their diets with shakes made with Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids from organic flax and safflower oils and sulfur rich protein from organic yogurt.  Erasmus explains the role of Omega 3 fatty acids on intracellular oxygen transport and the need for Omega 6 fatty acids in bio-chemical growth processes.  Almost immediately, within a few weeks, Paragon athletes see significant improvements in recovery and a significant reduction in muscle stiffness and soreness indicating reduced lactate synthesis, allowing longer and more productive training days and superior regeneration. This would prove to be one of the most significant factors contributing to Paragon athlete’s ability to set records on the world athletic stage.  

1991

January: Engineering / Sport: While many top teams spend between $.5M - $1.0M to develop bobsleds, after two years of R&D, Paragon introduces its first 2-man bobsled despite a tiny $50,000 budget.  Paragon uses 3D CAD programs to create a sophisticated racing chassis that can be balanced to tolerances within 1/1000th of an inch.  Dave Meyer and Bock build the highly precise jig table to make this possible.  With Jack Pyc on the breaks, Bock wins his first race driving the new sled, and records some of the fastest splits times on the bottom of Calgary’s Olympic track.

Paragon begins experimental CNC machining of digitized runner profiles.

May: Science / Engineering / Sport: Paragon introduces a revolutionarysystem of speed training apparel that provides unprecedented mobility, wind protection, and muscle-protecting thermal control to allow proper sprint training in winter temperatures.  David MacEachern, Jack Pyc, and many other members of the Canadian bobsleigh and track & field teams test the new apparel.  Instantly becomes very popular with elite level Olympic athletes training in Calgary.

October: Science / Engineering / Sport: Speed training apparel is tested and used by CFL pro football players Pee Wee Smith, Allen Pitts  and David Sapunjis  of the Calgary Stampeders.

November: Engineering / Sport:  Speed training apparel is tested and used in World Cups by Gustav Weder’s bobsled team from Switzerland.  The teams of Gunther Huber (Italy), and Brian Shimer (USA) also test and use the apparel.

December: Engineering / Sport / Medical: 5 of 7 new athletes named to join the 1992 Canadian Olympic Bobsled Team use Paragon coaching, targeted nutrition, and speed training apparel.

1992

February: Engineering / Sport: Paragon’s new 2-man bobsled sets world track record on Calgary’s Olympic track with Steve Hall driving and brakeman Jeff Ingram, becoming the first and only North American designed sled to ever do so. 

February: Engineering / Sport:Speed training apparel is used in warm-ups by 2-man Olympic Gold medal winning bobsled team of Gustav Weder of Switzerland at the Albertville Olympics.  In addition most members of the Canadian team, and future Olympic medalists David MacEachern of Canada, Gunther Huber of Italy, and Brian Shimer all use the apparel.

June: Medical: Paragon begins work on its first non-athlete medical case studies, a group of 5 males, aged 35 - 39.  Full medical profiles are compiled on each individual.  Among other health issues, problematic irregular heart-beats and arrhythmias are revealed in 4 of 5 individuals.  One subject also has a severe case of 25-30 planter warts on each foot, despite many previous attempts by doctors to treat them.  

Targeted interventions are developed for each individual based on personal data collected, physical evaluations, and peer-reviewed research findings related to nutrient intervention and specific health issues.  Remarkably, within just 6 weeks of applying the targeted interventions, 3 of 4 client’s arrhythmias disappear, and within 3 months the one client’s case of warts also disappear.  These are the first of many surprising and unexpected results observed in Paragon’s Medical Case Studies.  

1993

March: Sport:  Paragon athlete Jack Pyc and his driver Pierre Lueders shock the bobsled world by coming from the bottom seed of Calgary’s World Cup to win Canada’s first ever 2-man World Cup Bobsled medal, claiming Canada’s first ever world push record, and upsetting the Olympic champion Gustav Weder of Switzerland in the process.

June: Climate: Bock takes trip to Northern BC looking for land for refuge from future global warming.  He also resumes study of alternative solar, micro hydro, and wind power sources for off-grid applications.

July: Sport: Paragon trains professional NHL hockey players using sport specific power/speed and regenerative nutrition to help them extend their careers and perform better.  Most have excellent seasons and the following year go on to sign some of the first multi-million dollar contracts in hockey.  10 years later Gary Roberts, Al MacInnis, Joe Nieuwendyk, and Craig Berube would still be playing.  Al MacInnis does Paragon’s first weighted skating experiment.

August: Engineering / Sport: Unheralded future 100m Olympic Champion and World Record holder, Donovan Bailey, begins training daily in Paragon speed training apparel.

October: Sport:  Paragon’s bobsled push athletes David MacEachern and Jack Pyc both smash the world 2-man bobsled push record during Canadian Olympic Team trials.  In four-man they are joined by Pascal Caron and smash the 4-man bobsled push record. 

1994

Winter: Sport:  Paragon’s bobsled push athletes David MacEachern and Jack Pyc are ranked #1 & 2 in the world and combine forces to create the most dominant pushing team in the 100-year history of the sport.  The team sets an unprecedented 18 straight world push records, one in each race of the 5 month long season, including both events at the 1994 Lillehammer Olympics.  At those games Dave MacEachern becomes the first 2-man brakeman in Olympic history to help his driver push faster than every other nation’s 4-man team.

February: Engineering / Sport / Medical: Earlier in December, just 8 weeks prior to the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Olympic Games, Bock and Paragon are approached to coach the Jamaican Bobsled Team.   Despite only 7 weeks in Paragon’s program, Jamaica upsets the United States (the 1993 World Championship bronze medalists), Britain, France, and an Italian team to finish 14th and in the top seed at the Lillehammer Olympics.  It is considered one of the greatest upsets in Winter Olympic history.  The Team used Paragon coaching, biomechanical analysis, training programs, apparel systems, targeted nutrition, and sled modifications to maximize their development in such a short period.  The team pushed the sled as fast as the Olympic Gold medalists from Germany.

1995

February: Sport: Paragon’s Jack Pyc and Pierre Lueders win Canada’s first ever medal (Silver) at the World  2-man Bobsled Championships.  (It’s Canada’s first World Championship medal since Bock’s uncle, Peter Kirby, was brakeman of the teams that won the 4-man 1964 Olympics and 1965 World Championship for Canada.)

April: Climate: In the event that planetary warming continues to accelerate as rapidly as seen in the 1980s & 90s Bock buys 60 acre plot of land in Northern BC on the Stikine River as refuge from future global warming, and begins annual summer trips north to design and build an off-the-grid house. 

August: Engineering / Sport:  Donovan Bailey wins the 100m at the World Track and Field Championships after wearing Paragon training clothes every day in his last two years of training.

August: Sport / Medical: A former Paragon athlete runs out of his nutritional supplementation while independently doing an excessive amount of heavy lifting 4 out of every 5 days for an entire month during his summer training.  Within 2 weeks he develops insomnia, anxiety, and arrhythmia.  This continues for another 2 weeks until he informs Bock of his multiple conditions.  The athlete resumes his supplementation and all symptoms clear up within 24 hours. 

September: Sport: The Jamaican Bobsled Team claims its first medal at the World Bobsled Push Championships in Monaco, winning a bronze medal in the 4-man competition.  Paragon develops Jamaica’s team, including crewman Winston Watt, for the next three years.           

September: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon meets with NIKE about its revolutionary apparel system.  Negotiations begin on clothing development.

October:: Engineering / Sport:  NIKE asks Paragon to help design a revolutionary sprint shoe for future 200m Olympic champion and world record holder Michael Johnson.  Through analysis of high-speed video, Paragon provides detailed biomechanical presentation of Johnson’s sprinting technique as it relates to other top athletes, particularly as applies to his efficient stride and unique cornering technique. 

Based on this analysis, Paragon provides the basic design parameters that will produce the ultra-light, slightly asymmetric, gold shoes Johnson will use to set his 1996 Olympic and world records.  Paragon’s design memo to NIKE successfully predicts the margin of Johnson’s 200m world record run the following year based on the weight reductions advised.  

Paragon also provides technical analysis of NIKE’s commercial sprint shoe technology and the problems with it.  Three years later, NIKE completes the expensive retooling of its commercial sprint shoe production line and incorporates the changes Paragon recommended.

The Paragon MSR research that led to NIKE’s development of Johnson’s ultra light shoes is also the basis for Paragon’s future training equipment which will allow athletes to achieve unprecedented athletic performance.

November: Science / Engineering / Sport: The Jamaican Bobsled Team runs out of money and misses the first 8 ½ months of a normal 11-month training program for the upcoming 1996 World Championships.  With no time left to execute Paragon’s proven 11 month long training system that has produced the world’s best bobsled pushers, Paragon experiments with radical new MSR training technologies.

1996

February: Science / Engineering / Sport: Using Paragon’s conventional training, David MacEachern wins Canada’s second 2-man World Bobsled Championship Silver Medal with Pierre Lueders.  Moreover, with only 2 ½ months training with Paragon’s new MSR training technology & methods, Jamaica pushes the 4-man sled as fast as most top teams.  This convinces Paragon to fully develop its MSR training technologies.

May: Sport / Medical: a frustrated Glenroy Gilbert, Canada’s future 4 x100m Olympic gold medalist (trained by Dan Pfaff), asks for nutritional help to alleviate chronic hamstring cramping and tightness that have prevented him from running fast that spring.  He is given a custom-compounded blend of natural supplements designed for him by Paragon that immediately relieve the cramping.  A few months later his blazing speed helps Canada win gold in the 1996 Olympic 4 x 100m relay.  For 12 years his 9.02 second sprint remains the fastest backstretch in 4 x 100m sprinting history until Jamaica’s Michael Frater runs 9.01 in Jamaica’s 37.10 WR run in Beijing in 2008. 

June: Engineering / Sport:  At the USA Olympic Track and Field Trials, Michael Johnson uses his new NIKE gold sprint shoes developed with Paragon to run a blazing WR 19.66 second 200m, breaking one of the oldest records in Track and Field, Pietro Miena’s 19.72 altitude assisted run.  Because of NIKE’s marketing plans, Johnson does not wear these shoes again until the Olympics in July.

July: Engineering / Sport: At the Olympics a month later, after his standard warm-up in Paragon speed training apparel, Donovan Bailey wins 100m Gold in a world record 9.84 seconds. 

Then, Canada’s Donovan Bailey, Bruny Surin, Glenroy Gilbert, and Robert Esmie shock the USA and the world, beating the Americans in the 4 x 100m track & field relay on their home soil.

Michael Johnson once again uses his custom designed gold sprint shoes to destroy the field and sets one of the most dominant records ever achieved in track and field, a blistering 19.32s 200m.  (It will finally be broken by the great Usain Bolt in Beijing in 2008.)  This sets up the future “World’s Fastest Man” Race in Toronto’s Skydome between Bailey and Johnson.

October: Engineering / Sport:  NIKE calls off clothing development negotiations.  Donovan Bailey convinces Paragon to approach adidas about producing clothing.  (About 9 months later NIKE introduces a radically new line of training clothing that has “borrowed” the form-fitting aerodynamic cuts presented by Paragon.)

1997

March: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon begins work with adidas to develop shoes for Donovan Bailey.  In addition to modifications to the spike plate, Paragon specifies the use of parachute material to produce adidas’ lightest sprint shoe ever.  

adidas is also permitted to manufacture a limited number of apparel systems in adidas branding for Bailey’s use. 

June: Engineering / Sport:  Donovan Bailey (adidas) beats Michael Johnson (NIKE) at the “World’s Fastest Man” race at Skydome.  Both competitors are wearing shoes designed to Paragon specifications.  Bailey wears his Paragon-designed adidas apparel in warm-up for the race.  Johnson is trailing Bailey when Johnson pulls up hurt. 

July: Climate:  Ever since first making annual trips beginning in 1993, Bock continues to witness the devastating disease spreading through northern BC’s forests and wonders what is causing it. 

Fall: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon begins engineering study for new multi-sport indoor training centres.  They will be the first buildings to allow proper indoor training, yet remain affordable due to Paragon’s superior designs and greatly enhanced use of space.  They are projected to cost $1.5M and are meant to replace traditional less functional facilities costing $25 - $80M.

1998

January: Climate: A massive and highly unusual ice-storm devastates a swath of land from eastern Ontario to southern Quebec to Nova Scotia in Canada, as well as bordering areas from northern New York to central Maine in the United States. It causes unprecedented damage to trees and electrical infrastructure all over the area, leading to widespread long-term power outages. Millions are left in the dark for periods varying from days to weeks. 

Bock notices the unusually warm weather that caused this storm appears to be sustained and increasing.  (We would later learn that 1998 would be the hottest on record since more accurate temperatures records have been recorded over the past 150 years.)

January: Engineering / Sport: Paragon begins work on a two-year contract with adidas to develop its  commercial line of sprint shoes, as well as those developed specifically for the 2000 Sydney Olympics.  

January: Sport: Paragon athletes are some of the fastest in the world despite their large size. Just one month prior to the Nagano Olympic Games David MacEachern runs a 6.69 second electronically clocked sprint at 235lbs.  At 205 lbs. Jack Pyc, three time Olympian and bobsled push world record holder, one of the fastest men ever over 30 meters, is electronically clocked in 2.58 and 3.59 seconds for 20 and 30 meters respectively.  This is about as fast as Ben Johnson made it to 30 meters in his infamous 9.79 100m run in Seoul. (In May 1998, 100m Olympic medalist Ato Boldon’s fastest time over the same 20-meter test was 2.67 seconds, almost one meter behind Jack, despite running a 9.97 100m four days later.) 

February: Sport: David MacEachern wins Olympic 2-man Bobsled gold medal for Canada with Pierre Lueders in Nagano.  (Note: This is the first time Canada has won Gold since Bock’s uncle Peter Kirby wins 1964 Olympic and 1965 World Championship Gold as brakeman on Vic Emery’s team.  Kirby invents the first modern bobsled sprint shoe to help make this happen.)

April: Medical: Bock and Paragon develop targeted nutritional intervention for Diverticulitis case-study patient who has required hospitalization on three occasions.  Patient is scheduled for surgical removal of the diseased sections of his sigmoid colon (see case study).  Upon colorectal examination 5 weeks later there is no sign of any diverticular disease, and there has been none since.  

May: Science / Engineering / Sport:  At age 40, Paragon’s Bock begins personally testing a new MSR weighted shoe insert training technology to better understand what athletes will feel when training with the new equipment.  Bock has arthritic hips, and has not run for 3 years, so he trains with the inserts in flats on a hill for only 4 hours per week for just 6 weeks.   Does longer accelerations and no speed work.  In electronic testing, his first sprint in 5 years is just 1/10th of a second off his personal best (run at age 32 after 7 years of training 25-30 hours a week).  This unprecedented result pushes Paragon to look at further development of the new technology.

May: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Paragon begins work designing Ato Boldon’s new sprint shoes.

May: Climate:  Montreal’s economy is rapidly accelerating, and with it the levels of smog and pollution.  From his 3rd floor apartment window, Bock notices that this pollution is thickest during the week, and lowest on Sundays.  This pollution is scattering red light, and he wonders whether it might be trapping infra-red light and heat as well. 

July: Climate:  Bock is increasingly concerned over rising temperatures he is also noticing at his summer house in Northern BC and elsewhere.  The peer-reviewed climate science research and theory he is reading seems out of touch with reality and the pace of warming being observed.  Traditionally cold Montreal winters are becoming balmy and moderate. 

July: Climate:  Bock returns to Scarborough, Maine for the first time in 20 years and is shocked to see the pollution from Boston that is generating local sunsets of brilliant oranges and reds.  He had never witnessed such thick pollution making it that far North twenty years earlier.

1999 

January: Climate:  Bock is further disturbed to read Wayne Grady’s book, The Quiet Limit of the World, a summary of the findings of a large team of scientists working aboard an ice-breaker in the Arctic.  Among many other things, they discover and report that Arctic waters are warming far faster than predicted.  With change in the North happening far more quickly than predicted, Bock begins to wonder whether something else could also be at play with the world’s climate, and what role air pollution might be playing.

June: Engineering / Sport: During summer off-season training prior to the 1999-2000 World Cup Bobsleigh season 3-time Olympian Ken Leblanc uses Paragon’s weighted shoe insert training technology in an experiment to recover from injury.  He achieves new personal bests and later is on the podium in 5 of 6 World Cup bobsled races in which he competes, winning Gold, Silver, and Bronze medals. 

August: Science / Medical: Bock testifies before the Canadian Government’s Senate Committee on Energy, Environment and Natural Resources.  Addresses the problematic effects of randomly produced industrial chemical byproducts on the food chain and plant and animal enzyme chemistries, but in simplified scientific terms.  The presentation of technical research is successful because it effectively demonstrates numerous technical issues related to environmental pollution in simpler terms the Senators can clearly understand.  As indicated in the Committee’s final report, his testimony helps persuade the Senators to recommend that the Canadian Environmental Protection Act be put into a perpetual state of review.   

September: Climate: Concerned about Canada’s and the world’s lack of action on climate change, Bock begins Paragon’s intensive, in-depth research effort into climate science and new energy technology, in order to provide Canadian governments and business leaders with a comprehensive white paper to help them understand what is driving the extreme climate change being observed, and based on this, what technical, regulatory, and fiscal solutions are required to cost-effectively halt it. 

Ultimately Paragon’s in-depth technical analysis would take more than 10 years to complete. 

October:: Engineering / Sport:  Nic Macrozonaris uses Paragon’s MSR weighted shoe insertsin preseason training prior to his breakout year as a 100m sprinter.  His biggest moment as a sprinter would come in 2003 when he would run 10.03 to beat then world record holder American Tim Montgomery in Mexico, making Nicolas the third fastest Canadian in history behind Bruny Surin and Donovan Bailey who share the national record of 9.84.           

2000 

March: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon begins working with Mondo for the next stage of development of Paragon’s new indoor training facilities for winter climates.  Mondo is the leading sport flooring and athletic surfaces company in the world.  Its running tracks have been the used at the last 6 Olympic Games, and have helped athletes set more than 200 world records in track and field.

July: Climate: Bock again notices on his long truck rides from Calgary into Northern BC that trees are increasingly dying at an alarming rate.  In the months ahead he would finally learn that this is tied to climate change, as the increasingly  warm winters are not cold enough to kill the pine beetle.

September: Sport:  Jamaica’s Winston Watt wins 2-man gold and 4-man silver at the 2000 World Bobsled Push Championships.

September: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Paragon continues to get unprecedented athletic results with preliminary testing of its new training system prototypes.  The decision is made to patent the new equipment.

October:: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Nine year old Taylor Hall is the first child to get Paragon’s weighted shoe inserts.  He begins practicing for hockey and soccer in the MSR weighted shoe inserts.  The following year he scores 55 goals in 11 soccer games, and 65 goals in his hockey season. 

2001

Science / Engineering / Sport: Working with Les Streeter and November: Echo Paragon generates its first 3-dimensional computer models of its future multi sport training centres.  

March: Medical: Targeted nutritional intervention is developed for rheumatoid arthritis patient (see case study).  Within one week all inflammation is gone and she is walking normally again.  She is able to resume more serious exercise and running within a few weeks.  She is in top aerobic shape within a total of 8 weeks.  She has not had another episode since then. 

July: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Veteran NHL enforcer Craig Berube trains with new weighted shoe insert technology hoping to improve his speed and play one last season.  The training is successful and Craig plays in every Calgary Flames game except in those when suspended for fighting.

August: Science / Engineering / Sport: Quebec sprinter/bobsledder Pascal Caron uses Paragon’s weighted shoe insert training technology to break National Bobsled Team sprint records set by Donovan Baileyin 1993 when Bailey tried out for the team.  Pascal is more than 2 meters ahead of any other athlete tested after only 30 meters of full speed sprinting.

The following day Pascal obliterates the world standard at Calgary’s indoor push training centre.  Despite his small size of 178 lbs., Pascal pushes the heavy sled as fast as many nation’s 4-man push teams.  Pascal bench presses 425 lbs. and deep squats over 500 lbs. to the floor.  Pascal’s incredible strength and speed is developed with Paragon’s latest training equipment, coaching, and all natural nutrition program. 

September: Sport: Jamaica’s Winston Watt wins repeat Gold in 2-man 2001 World Push Championships and places 4th in 4-man. 

September:Science / Engineering / Sport: 110m hurdles Olympic Gold medalist Mark McKoy first tests the weighted shoe insert after meeting Bock at the IAAF World Track & Field Championships in Edmonton.

October: Science / Engineering / Sport: Terry Gudzowsky, President of Bobsled Canada, writes Federal Secretary of Sport Denis Coderre to advise him of the tremendous potential the new weighted shoe insert technology has for all sport training and the advantage Canada might garner keeping such technology exclusively for Canadians. 

November: Science / Engineering / Sport: Paragon develops the first prototype of a new MSR hip training machine that was conceptualized several years earlier as part of Paragon’s plan to develop more motor-specific training devices for sport.  The machine is quickly built to help Ken Leblanc rehab in time for the upcoming 2002 Salt Lake Winter Olympics in February.  This new technology revolutionizes power speed training.

December: Sport:  Winston Watt drives to Jamaica’s first ever bobsled victory in Lake Placid.  However, the feat goes unnoticed as the World continues to reel from the serious issues stemming from September 11th.

December: Science / Sport: Mark McKoy does a second more rigorous weighted shoe insert test on training trip to Australia with friend and training partner 110mH world champion Colin Jackson. To prepare, he runs weighted hill workouts 3 times per week for two weeks before leaving.  Upon arriving in Australia for the first week he runs three 300m workouts - these with top women sprinters training in the group.  At age 40, he rapidly gains strength and feels strong enough after that to run 200s and 300s (in 24s and 38s) with the men the following week.  Since he is feeling surprisingly strong, at the beginning of the 3rd week, he decides to see where he is in the 100m even though he has only been on the track for 2 weeks.  Incredibly he runs nine 100m sprints that day, each one faster then the last, starting at 11.5, and finishing the last in 10.5 even though he cramps up late in the sprint. 

December: Science / Engineering / Sport: Paragon files for patent on its weighted shoe insert technology. 

2002

January: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Pascal Caron’s foot is fractured in a bobsled crash with Pierre Lueders in Italy just 6 weeks before the Salt Lake Olympics.  Misses the next 5 critical weeks of sprint training, but uses Paragon’s new MSR hip training machine to maintain his running strength despite not being able to sprint while injured and is still is fast enough to compete.  Bock, age 43, also tests new MSR hip training machine, for just two weeks in January to better understand how it will affect Pascal.  The machine only requires 20-30 minutes of work 3 times per week and produces unprecedented strength & power gains. 

February: Sport:  Jamaica’s Winston Watt claims the 2-man bobsled push record at the Salt Lake Winter Olympics.  Paragon developed athletes have been the world’s fastest 2-man pushers for the last three Winter Games.

May: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Bock works with Craig Berube to plan a totally new training system for skating development.  In addition to weighted skate training, Berube begins Paragon’s new MSR hip training. 

Berube’s top speed prior to training is tested 10 days after his season, when he’s well rested and in top playing shape.  Bock’s speed is tested at the same time when he tries experimental weighted training planned for Craig.  Because of heavy office workload, Bock has done no training for the past year, other than the two short 2 week tests of the MSR hip machine in January and March eight weeks prior to this testing. The results are initially very surprising.  While Berube is in full equipment, and Bock is not, Bock is 43 and has not skated for 9 years.  Bock skates faster than Craig in the sprint down the ice.  More surprising, for the next 2 days Craig’s muscles are very sore from the weighted skating he has just done for the first time, as they should have been, but Bock’s muscles are not, despite having skated the same 12 full speed weighted and unweighted sprints and 90 minutes of skating for the first time too.  Bock and Berube realize the hip machine training eight weeks earlier must have conditioned Bock in this way.

Just 10 days later Berube is already an incredible 2.5 meters faster down the ice using the MSR hip machine.

July: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon begins designing new hockey arena complexes to enable advanced power, speed, and endurance training for Canadian athletes.

August: Science / Engineering / Sport:  After just 7 weeks of training Berube sets new standards for improving speed in professional hockey. Using a modified version of MSR technology he used the year before, his speed down the ice improves by over 5 meters as compared to the season before, the largest gain in speed achieved by any Paragon athlete over such a short period of time.  Craig goes from being a slow NHL skater to a relatively fast skater, outskating some of the leagues quicker skaters, despite being 37 years old and in his 17th season. 

September: Science / Engineering / Sport / Medical:  Paragon begins working with the team of specialists that will coordinate rehabilitation of Gary Roberts who is recovering from career threatening shoulder injuries.  By December Gary sets significant new personal standards for leg speed and strength despite being 36 years old and in his 17th season, just like Berube.  Despite the grueling shoulder rehab, and the less than optimum training schedule that results from this, Gary improves his speed by 3 meters down the ice as compared to the season before when he led the Toronto Maple Leafs in their most exciting playoff run in years.

October:: Science / Sport:  Berube plays 1000th game, becoming only the second player in NHL history to play 1000 games and compile 3000 penalty minutes.  (The first was former teammate and close friend Dale Hunter.)  Craig does not continue his hip training while in Calgary and gradually loses his speed gains over the next 3-4 months.

October:: Science / Medical:  Patient has suffered 3 Grand Mal seizures — two recently.  Profile reveals a busy executive who often works late, likes to run, but does not eat regular meals, and winds down from work by partying and drinking with friends on the weekend.  Last seizure occurs the morning after a late house party, when hung over with little sleep, not yet eaten any breakfast, and chatting with a friend in for the weekend.

The patient’s demanding lifestyle and less than adequate nutrition clearly indicates a need for extra magnesium and B vitamins, and other synergistic support.  Magnesium and B6 are required nutrients for stress, muscle function, metabolism of alcohol, and proper neuro-function.  Magnesium, vitamin B6, and dimethylglycine all have strong anti-seizure properties. Deficiency of another member of the B-complex, B1, has also been reported as a cause of epileptic seizures.

Patient is advised to get enough sleep, eat on a regular schedule, and to supplement diet with Magnesium Asporotates, B complex, and Sogar’s VM 75 vitamin and mineral complex, and has not had a seizure since.  (see medical case studies)

October:: Engineering / Sport: Paragon’s field house concept is chosen for a high performance sport development project in Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Canada.  Various Paragon designs are being used in projects being organized in different parts of the country.

October:: Engineering / Sport: Organizers from the City of Ottawa approach Paragon regarding the design of a proposed $43M multi-sport facility development project for the Orleans district.

December: Science / Sport:  Unknown 34 year old Nigel Romeo uses Paragon’s coaching and weighted shoe insert technology to run the fastest Canadian 300m of the young 2002-03 indoor track season, despite not being able to train properly for the 300m sprint due to a lack of facilities.   It’s literally his first attempt at the distance in practice or a race.  He runs a second faster than his previous best ever run.  More incredibly he achieves this despite commuting 2.5 hours a day on a bus and working his 40 hour /week job in a foundry pouring lead into moulds.

2003

February: Science / Sport:  Romeo runs a full ½ second faster in the 300m to finish the season at #2 in the Canada, improving from his #35 national ranking the year before. 

March: Science / Sport:  McGill track and field rookie Vanessa Horobrowsky begins training weighted shoe inserts for the 300m.  She can only run 300m in 55 seconds.  3 ½ weeks later she runs 43 seconds to win a bronze medal in her second race ever at the University Provincial Championships.  She also leads her team to medals in the 4 x 200 and 4 x 400 relays.

March: Science /Medical:  Research shows small parts per trillion/billion concentrations of toxins bioaccumulate in higher lifeforms eating polluted foods.  Bock is concerned that premium quality pharmaceutical grade fish oils many athletes and people are using are actually causing toxicity.  He begins research into most reliable testing methods for heavy metals.

May: Engineering / Sport:  Paragon’s Bock begins testing certain blades on Graf skates.  With just a few weeks training with Paragon’s new MSR hip training system 44 year old Bock, this time in full equipment, skates as fast as some of the NHL players he is training despite no skating training.

July: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Five additional pro players using Paragon’s skating training methods all register the same phenomenal results achieved by Berube and Roberts the summer before.

July: Climate:  Paragon’s due-diligence background research and analysis of existing climate science has assembled a growing collection of conflicting climate data that indicate something other than CO2 and GHG is also driving significant climate change. 

Bock is very surprised that significant temperatures rises were seen in the early 1900’s when coal-burning was so prevalent, yet the rise in anthropogenic world CO2 and GHG levels to that point were relatively insignificant relative to historical levels.  He notices that 2 decades of world-wide cooling occurred at the same time that the world began shifting away from coal to cleaner burning oil and gas.  He suspects that smog related to air pollution and the incomplete burning of fossil fuels has played a role in both the early and late 20th century warming, when air pollution was at its worst. 

October:: Science / Engineering / Sport:  During the off-season Gary Roberts trains in low cut Mission skates in an attempt to get to a lower more powerful skating position.  However those skates leave his legs too unstable, leading to excessive energy use and constant fatigue.  By the end of October: he decides to switch out of his Missions, having scored practically no points until then. 

To solve his problem, he recruits Paragon to work with Graf to design his new skates.  Within two weeks he was skating in the Paragon/Graf 749 V-Notch.  This model allowed him to achieve full dorsi-flexion with proper ankle support, allowing him to use his leg muscles properly and efficiently.  His speed, endurance and agility improve dramatically.  Not only does this allow him to quickly turn his season around, he is also named to the All-Star Team for the first time in 11 years. 

November: Medical: Paragon develops a targeted nutritional intervention for arrhythmia case-study subject whose condition has been getting progressively worse for the past 6 years (see case study).  Immediately upon beginning the program, the subject’s heart problem was corrected.  In the first month since he began the protocol he has just one palpitation.  In communication to Paragon he said, “I am finding out now how stressed I was over this because I feel as though a dark cloud has been lifted. Every time I lie down I expect something to happen and then it doesn't. What a great feeling. The stress relief is huge.” 

2004

April: Science / Engineering / Sport: Paragon receives US patent 6,715,219 for weighted footwear insert.

April:  Science / Medical: Paragon aligns with the world leader in tissue mineral analysis, Trace Elements Inc. run by Dr. David Watts to conduct research, and begins first use of clinical metabolic testing, using Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA), to demonstrate to his pro-athletes that the pharmaceutical grade fish oil supplements three athletes are using are probably causing an dangerous accumulation of mercury in their tissues.  All three have serious accumulations and body burdens of mercury.  The athletes begin a successful detoxification program.

Impressed with the detailed and accurate metabolic profiles provided with HTMA, Paragon begins research into other forms of metabolic testing that might be a useful.

June: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Paragon’s Bock and Thorpe file patent application for a skate boot. 

Bock builds the first of several successful Paragon flex skate prototypes using the Graf skate boot as a base.  However Gary Roberts leaves Graf for Reebok, as Graf is having difficulty accurately aligning his blades with his boots causing groin irritation issues. 

July: Science / Medical:  Bock is introduced to Cyrus Kuhzarani R.Phm., B.Sc.Phm., Laboratory Director, International Center for Metabolic Testing in Ottawa.  This begins a long relationship which results in their working together on many of Paragon’s medical case studies and research projects.  Cyrus introduces Sam to the landmark text Laboratory Evaluations in Molecular Medicine and the research work of coauthors Dr. Richard Lord and Dr. Alexander Bralley of the Metametrix Clinical Laboratory.  (These highly distinguished researchers would go on to write another landmark text Laboratory Evaluations for Integrative and Functional Medicine, 2nd Edition )

August:  Science / Medical:  Using Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA), Bock discovers that food intake is more important to the bio-chemical makeup of hair and human tissue than one’s individual’s genetic make-up.  The initial discovery is made when a husband and wife who eat most meals together have their hair tested.  The two hair samples are found to contain very similar levels and balances of mineral elements that modulate key bio-chemical activity, some of which are actually the same level, despite the sensitivity of the testing which measures tissue element levels to parts/100,000.  When other couples with similar eating habits and no genetic relationship are tested the same results are seen.  Further, the tissue samples from those couple’s offspring have no similarity if the offspring are eating different diets.   Peer-reviewed clinical research has shown that the relative balance of specific nutritional elements affects distinct features of metabolism in tissues.  

August:  Science / Medical:  Paragon first develops its concept for the world’s first Comprehensive Metabolic Testing and Nutrition Analysis for use by doctors and patients that works in two stages — first to determine the nutritional and toxicological status of the patient, and secondly to identify a feasible Targeted nutritional intervention to reduce or eliminate disease by modifying nutritional behavior and eliminating toxicological exposure.

To do this, Paragon’s Comprehensive Metabolic Testing and Nutrition Analysis examines and cross-reference more than 225 biomarkers and test results related to the patients balances of: Amino acids, Fatty acids, RBC elements, Lipid Peroxides, and Organic acids in blood and urine; HT nutritional & toxic element and other biomarkers tests, conventional medical tests, diet, exercise, Rx use, and lifestyle.   

November: Science / Medical:  Paragon is presented with case study patient suffering from symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (see medical case study).  An MRI confirms 11 active scleroses in her brain.  Paragon’s research team works with attending the physician to do it first ever case study using the Comprehensive Metabolic Testing it has developed.  This complex analysis uses the patient’s conventional medical testing with an additional n analysis of the patient’s diet & lifestyle, as well as other research to help determine potential cause of symptoms, and possible therapy.

Patient’s symptoms go into remission once beginning Targeted nutritional intervention and treatments with Interferon.  6 months after beginning the comprehensive nutritional intervention determined by the metabolic research,  testing, and analysis, the patient’s next MRI showed no new scleroses, and no activity at the previous sites.

2005 

Winter - Fall: Science / Engineering / Sport: Gary Roberts leaves Graf during the previous summer, and Paragon begins work to help develop patented skate product with Reebok.  However Reebok has difficulty copying Paragon’s prototype, and Roberts will ultimately leave Reebok in 2007 for Bauer.

November: Science / Engineering / Sport: Former 400m sprinting world champion Tyree Washington, 30, is considered washed-up and dropped by NIKE.  However, he begins using Paragon’s weighted shoe insertstraining program  and targeted nutrition under Coach Ihem, and begins a remarkable indoor comeback. 

2006

February:  Science / Engineering / Sport:  Tyree Washington, with only 2 races under his belt since last racing indoors in 2003, makes the 400m finals in a stacked field at the US National Championships.  More than halfway through that final, another athlete steps on the heel of Tyree’s spike, popping his heal out of the shoe.  He initially falls several meters behind the leader, but remarkably recovers, squeezing his toes to keep the shoe from falling off, and then running down the field to finish just 1/100th off the winning times of Campbell and Merritt who tie for first.  However, as only 2 qualify for the Open 400 at the Worlds in Moscow, Campbell and Merritt get to run for the US — and Washington, Spearmon and two others join them in the relay.  If he hadn’t been clipped, Tyree probably would have been US Champion, as he proves two weeks later at the World Indoor Championships.  

March:  After just 14 weeks of training Tyree Washington wins 4 X 400m Indoor World Championships Gold, running the fastest split time of the competition despite leading off the US team.  His opening split time from the blocks would have been good enough for Silver in the 400M Open had he been entered (see MSR testing results).  

May: Sport / Medical: Bart Sambrook, 41, plays in world 40+ squash doubles finals.  Less than two years earlier he had been suffering from problematic arrhythmia and gastric reflux.  These had been eliminated with the application of a Paragon nutritional intervention.

May: Science / Medical: Hospital patient suffers unexpected & devastating stroke & paralysis triggered by blot clot resulting from a preventative heart bypass surgery performed 36 hours earlier.  Patient put on a standard medical enteral NG tube feed.  (While still accepted procedure, Paragon research shows such formulas are severely depleted of  nutrients critical to recovery from most illness, particularly neurological damage.)

Neurological examinations done over first 16 days show no recovery of lost neurological & motor function.  Neurological team tells family to expect altered personality, inability to initiate thought, permanent paralysis of the lower right side, and possible recovery of some right arm function.  

Patient rapidly deteriorates further while on tube feed: blood sugar immediately soars (requiring insulin); then arrhythmia develops (day 3), pneumonia (day 12), and 3 pulmonary embolisms (day 21) leave patient in critical condition.  (Subsequently develops very serious case of recurrent C-Difficile caused by the antibiotic treatment for the pneumonia.)   

Initially Paragon team was only present to monitor patient’s medical care on behalf of the family, and had no influence over treatments being carried out at the hospital.  

However, within days Paragon Research Services compiles peer-reviewed research that clearly indicating the patient’s NG tube formula for first 26 days was severely deficient in essential nutrients for normal blood platelet aggregation and cerebral & cardiac health. 

Data convinces attending medical team to approve Paragon request to remove formula & NG tube from throat and to instead insert stomach tube to (1) allow patient to recover ability to swallow food, which had become compromised by NG tube in throat, (2) allow Paragon to provide patient’s daily nutrition.   Within 36 hours of intervention, patient’s blood platelet aggregation normalizes and blood thinning drugs are immediately reduced.  Patient unexpectedly begins to rapidly recover lost neurological and motor function, after no recovery while on tube feed for first 26 days.  

Three months after Paragon treatment begins, patient takes first unassisted steps walking.  Also recovers full function of arm, most lower limb function, and ability to initiate thought.  Personality for the most part returns to normal.  

Within 7 months patient does pull-ups and leg squats with free weights.  At age 79 he does pushups, 10 pullups, and can squat over 150Lbs despite only weighing 142 lbs.

June: Science / Medical: New mother has lost most capacity to produce breast milk to feed her 4 month old baby.  Concerned about losing additional weight put on during pregnancy she’d begun training for a marathon while still breast feeding.  She had eliminated many sources of fats and oils from her diet necessary for producing milk, and over a 4-5 week period had begun to loose her capacity to produce milk. 

She is advised to immediately restore a rich source of essential and other fatty acids necessary to produce a rich breast milk, and to quit marathon training until done lactating, as it is consuming energy required for generating milk, and might also be affecting hormonal balances necessary for lactation.  She replaces the marathon training with yoga to remain active.  Prior to the intervention she was having a difficult time pumping 1 oz at night.   But her milk supply comes back quickly and within a few weeks she is pumping 4 oz.

July: Science / Sport / Medical:  After over-training and then getting very cold & wet while playing golf in a rain storm, a  pro hockey player develops serious pneumonia and is hospitalized in an oxygen tent with an Oxy Sat of 78 and irregular heart rhythm.  Paragon provides an intervention to reverse the pneumonia and regulate the heartbeat and the player resumes light training 4 days later.

August: Science / Engineering / Sport:  David Perron meets Bock while both are playing pick-up hockey in Montreal.  David has just turned 18 and has a tryout with the Lewiston Maniacs in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League in less than 5 weeks.  David uses Paragon’s metabolic testing,targeted nutrition and MSR weighted split training to get ready, makes the team, and becomes an overnight sensation. 

August:  Science / Medical: A 2nd stroke patient (in hospital room across from May 2006 patient above) given prognosis of permanent full left side paralysis after neurological examinations done over 12 weeks consistently show no recovery of lost neurological & motor function.  2nd patient (after seeing 1st patient’s unexpected recovery) requests and begins Paragon nutritional intervention, and within 3 weeks begins recovering lower body function.  Within 6 weeks patient has complete nervous function in leg, and within another 3 months is walking.  A few months later patient is dancing again. 

August:  Science / Engineering / Sport / Medical:  For 7 weeks NHL star Gary Roberts, 40, has been limping and unable to sleep properly or apply power when skating.  Is diagnosed with torn hip labrum by three different hip surgeons — scheduled for surgery. Will miss first half of season — possibly ending his professional career.

As Gary’s pain not in the hip, but on outside of hip bone where many muscle tendons insert, Bock disagrees with diagnosis.  Symptoms indicative of multiple muscle spasms (due to rushed off-season training) that have created a debilitating, chronic tendonitis at those hip insertions.  Bock then provides one week of therapy and rehabilitation training at Gary’s home.  Gary then resumes normal training, avoids unnecessary surgery, and two years later became the oldest player in NHL history to score two goals in a playoff game.

November:: Climate:  Bock sees the work of an innovative computer programmer who has used NASA GISS records of historic global temperature data to create global maps showing temperature changes from one era to another.  These clearly and powerfully show distinct regional changes in temperatures around the world from one period to another. 

Paragon's analysis is the first to indicate that the “global” warming is actually far more regional in nature, and not occurring in the more globally-uniform manners predicted by theoretical GHG models

Further analysis of these temperature change maps strongly indicate fluctuations in regional air pollution & soot generation over time appear responsible for most of the observed regional warming and cooling effects seen around the globe over the past 150 years.  Bock’s findings are further corroborated by a wide range of other historical weather and economic data, all of which are used to produce Paragon’s first draft research report in 2007. 

Bock informs Paragon director Lindsay Hood of these significant findings.  Hood organizes a Calgary meeting to present the data to a roundtable of prominent business leaders.  Bock is hopeful if the roundtable finds the data and what it means compelling, that they can help get it to key government officials. 

2007

February: Climate: Bock presents Paragon’s surprising climate research to an Ad Hoc Climate Roundtable held in Calgary.  Bock feels that for any positive action to be taken on Climate Change, Canada’s energy industry will have to behind it.  Those in attendance are primarily energy company CEOs.  Also present is David Buzby, CEO of SunEdison, North America’s largest installer of solar systems.  The research is well received.  Paragon begins providing environmental and climate science consulting to ENMAX and its progressive thinking CEO Gary Holden.    

May: Science / Engineering / Sport:  David Perron is 1st amongst all QMJHL rookies in goals and +-, finishing with 83 points in 70 games: 39 goals, 44 assists, +37.  He leads his team to the Memorial Cup, and in scoring, and is selected for Junior Team Canada for the 8 game series against Russia, where he finishes 4th in scoring.  

June: Science / Engineering / Sport:  The St. Louis Blues draft David Perron 26th overall in the 1st round.  A few months later at 19 he became the 3rd youngest player in Blues history to make the team.  Among 2007 NHL Entry Draftees, Perron is third in career points (behind Patrick Kane and Sam Gagner)  

Summer: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Jamaica’s Chris Williams at age 35 under Coach Ihem uses Paragon’s weighted shoe insertstraining program, metabolic testing & analysis and targeted nutrition to run 10.06, just off his PB of 10.05 run 7 years earlier.  He also finishes 2nd in the 200m World Athletics Final (see MSR testing results). The following year at age 36 he competes for Jamaica’s powerhouse Olympic track team for his third time in Beijing.  

July:  Science / Engineering / Medical:  Paragon begins work with John S. Sampalis Ph.D. (Associate Professor of Surgery and Epidemiology & Biostatistics McGill University and President, JSS Medical Research Inc.) to develop the world’s first comprehensive metabolic diagnostic testing and analysis software to be used by doctors and researchers in diagnosing toxilogical causes and biochemical imbalances behind many degenerative diseases.  Dr. Sampalis also hopes the computer program can be applied to large scale clinical studies related to nutrition and disease.

The computer program will also generate targeted nutritional intervention for the treatment of chronic degenerative disease states (including various cardiovascular diseases, cancers, MS, other neurological conditions, diabetes, rheumatoid and osteo arthritis, sub-clinical anemia, and many other conditions). 

This comprehensive complementary metabolic diagnostic testing and analysis software system is designed to include test value inputs from traditional blood and urine workups.  It provides biochemical evidence of a patient’s current status related to critical cellular energy production pathways, cellular & liver detoxification pathways, potential for cellular regeneration, along with absolute and relative levels of other important biochemical compounds affecting patient health.  The software is logic based programming designed to replace hundreds of very time consuming manual calculations used in Paragon’s first generation of analytical systems that provided the world’s first comprehensive metabolic analysis of a combination of some 200 conventional and more advance biomarkers.

By using metabolic testing and/or established peer-reviewed research related to a patient’s condition, a targeted nutritional intervention can then be formulated to provide precise balances and forms of nutrients determined to be essential to supporting specific biological pathways and organ systems required for tissue & organ healing and full heath. 

These two technologies are being developed together, as each systems success is to a degree dependant on the other.  The testing is needed to optimize the development of the targeted nutritional interventions, and the interventions are required to establish measurable changes in the pre & post intervention metabolic bio-markers being tested.

June: Climate: Paragon research shows soots cause very powerful warming effects, both in the atmosphere, and on land, snow, and ice as well, particularly when subject to 24 hour sunlight during polar summers.

Zender and Flanner’s June 2007 study on the effects of soot on snow states that “in the past two centuries, the Arctic has warmed about 1.6 degrees. Dirty snow caused .5 to 1.5 degrees of warming, or up to 94 percent of the observed change” the scientists determined.  This finding is consistent with Paragon’s theory on soot-driven climate change.

August: Sport: Mark Recchi is introduced to Bock by Craig Berube.  Recchi re-signs with the Pittsburgh Penguins and begins training with Bock & Paragon and quickly gets into great shape.  However he is looked over for the main line-up, is not playing regularly, and his shooting percentage drops to a career low of 5.6%.  Frustrated with how things are going, Bock suggests Mark start practicing sharp shooting with 50-100 pucks a day to get ready for his next assignment.

In December he’s placed on waivers and Recchi is claimed by the Atlanta Thrashers.  In his first game against his former team, he scores the game-winning goal in a shootout.  He then scores 40 points in 53 games with Atlanta with a 14.4 shooting %. 

September: Climate: Bock first learns of Andreae & Gelencer 2006 paperthatconclusively demonstrates that instead of reflecting light back to space, as previously believed, Brown Carbon soots actually absorb incoming high-energy UV light, instead of reflecting it, causing dimming and atmospheric warming, not cooling.  As Brown Carbon soots are roughly 3x more prevalent than Black Carbon — a firmly established warmer — this research finding dramatically reverses previous scientific consensus on the effects of soot based air pollution on warming theory.  This finding is consistent with Paragon’s theory on soot-driven climate change.

2008

February: Science / Engineering / Sport:  Paragon receives US patent 7,325,813 for skate boot.

May: Sport: Gary Roberts sets NHL record as oldest player to score 2 goals in one playoff game.

June: Climate: After an exhaustive 8 year search of peer-reviewed climate research and temperature data, Bock becomes the first climate researcher to refute the CO2  / GHG theory by presenting a wide range of different types of consistent and corroborating evidence to show that almost all the climate warming of the industrial era appears to have been caused by carbon soots (both in air pollution and deposited on snow and ice) and not by an accumulation of CO2  and other anthropogenic GHGs. 

More importantly, carbon soots fall out of the atmosphere, and can be eliminated, whereas CO2 accumulates.  In other words, if atmospheric soots are driving much of the warming, as they appear to be, then most climate change can be quickly reversed.

Spring - Summer: Climate: Soots are now being shown by renown researchers to cause serious and immediate melting during the longer daylight hours of Arctic and Antarctic summer. 

Paragon’s study of 1979 - 2006 Arctic Sea Ice satellite images indicates most of the increase in annual melting of Arctic sea ice appears down-wind (north and east) of China, and to a lesser degree Siberia, and that areas downwind of Canada and the rest of Europe are relatively stable in comparison.  The northern satellite images show a direct time correlation between fluctuations in Russian oil production & increased coal burning in China, and in the sea ice melting directly downwind of these regions.

The world’s largest quantity of soot-producing flared gas is being generated by oil production in Siberia.

More problematic, Paragon research also shows China roughly responsible for 30-50% of the world’s soot pollution. Chinese consumption of coal increases 31% in 3 years (2.06 M short tons in 2004 to 2.7M in 2007) and up 108% from 1993 (1.3M) driving world coal consumption 24% higher in 10 years, and an incredible 11% higher in just 3 years.  Melting of Arctic Sea Ice surges dramatically in this 3 year period as well.

Meanwhile, Antarctic sea ice continues to expand through this period, correlating with the reduction in Amazon burning and use of diesel by researchers based in Antarctic.   

July: Climate: Using Daniel Rosenfeld’s research, Bock is first to recognize that the dispersing effect of atmospheric soot on water vapour (that prevents normal cloud formation) is also dramatically enhancing the Green House effect of a given amount of water vapour.  (Rosenfeld, is a highly respected Israeli atmospheric scientist, who in collaboration with the NOAA authored Suppression of Rain and Snow by Urban and Industrial Air Pollution, Science, 2000).  Water vapour is the primary greenhouse gas found in a normal atmosphere, and is normally responsible for about 89% of an unpolluted atmosphere’s natural Greenhouse effect.  Bock’s research indicates that polluted water vapour’s total Green House potential appears to be significantly higher than previously estimated.  And this would mean other Green House Gases might have considerably less effect than previously thought. (see Paragon’s Research in Theoretical Physics and Chemistry)  Rosenfeld encourages Bock to contact and further discuss this research with hiscolleague Professor Victor Ramanathan (a world renown IPCC report review editor), and one of the most respected and influential climate scientists today. 

Summer: Climate / Engineering / Medical:  Bock used Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) to recognize and demonstrate the accelerating detrimental health effects of coal soot, mercury, and other heavy metal pollution on water systems and the fish, animals, and humans consuming them, as supported by peer-reviewed research.

September: Climate: New research shows China is dramatically reducing its soot output by closing down hundreds of very old dirty coal-burning power plants, replacing them with 90 GW or new much cleaner coal-burning capacity in just one year in 2007.  The new plants burn 1/3 less coal and produce 20x less soot, and will help reduce China’s long range down-wind soot emissions — both to the east over the pacific & North America, and to the North and the Arctic Ice pack.  

Due to improving diesel technologies and increasing regulatory constraints on coal pollutants, Paragon predicts that it’s conceivable that in the near future the world will see both significant atmospheric cooling and refreezing of ice masses as a result, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere, where there has been the longest uninterrupted generation of soot pollution since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.

September: Climate / Medical: Bock tells the second meeting of the Calgary Climate Roundtable that the single largest problem facing the world appears to be the unconstrained mercury and radioactive element releases into the world’s land, fresh water, and oceans — primarily by coal burning power plants (although the burning of any heavier oil product usually release such pollutants as well.)  While a modern coal plant captures almost all particulate generated, significant levels of the trace pollutants found in coal are being released in large quantities due to the sheer magnitude of coal being burned.   A typical coal plant releases 100 times the radio-active elements generated by a nuclear plant of comparable power output.  As acutely & potentially dangerous as nuclear plants shave been shown to be, few governments fully recognize the even larger insidious problem caused by coal plants.  Demonstrating this is a Texas study showing a statistically significant association between autism risk and distance from a polluting coal plant.

November: Climate: Despite continued melting in the Arctic, world temperatures drop as economic activity stalls.  Antarctic sea-ice continues to increase as well. These trends further support Paragon’s theory that regional fluctuations in carbon-based soot generation are driving most planetary warming or cooling being observed.

Paragon makes a prediction that despite continued increases in Arctic sea ice melting, average global temperatures will gradually continue to fall (1) if China continues to regulate reductions in soot production to reduce its massive air pollution problems, and (2) if most of the world’s developed countries continue to adopt much cleaner diesel burning technology as a result of health regulations meant to reduce particulate matter (PM) in air.  New diesels are now capable of producing 200x less soot per fuel used than just 10 years earlier.  Bock predicts this will first have an impact on European temperatures and associated alpine snow packs. 

December: Science / Engineering: Bock and Paragon first becomes aware of the revolutionary physics and engineering research work of Dr. Randell Mills.   

2009

March: Sport:  After scoring 45 points in 62 games with the Lightning in the 2008—09, Mark Recchi is traded at the deadline to the Boston Bruins. Recchi scored his first two goals for the Bruins three days later. On July 2, 2009, Recchi re-signs with the Bruins to a one-year deal and becomes the leader in points and assists among active NHL players. Recchi serves as an alternate captain during the season, playing 81 of 82 games in the 2009—10 season.

Spring: Climate:  Contrary to that reported in mainstream media, theHadley Climate Center and other standard temperature data sets continue to show that average annual global temperatures have been cooling since 1998, even though the Arctic continues to see higher levels of sea melting.  Again, these trends further support Paragon’s theory that regional fluctuations in carbon-based soot generation are driving most planetary warming or cooling being observed. 

Summer: Climate / Engineering / Medical: Paragon provides ENMAX CEO Gary Holden with climate and environmental research demonstrating the devastating effects of mercury and radioactive metal emissions from coal-burning on the environment.

September: Climate / Medical: ENMAX CEO Gary Holden presents findings of Paragon’s climate research to the Honorable Jim Prentice, Canada’s Environment Minister.

2010

June: Sport: During the 2010 NHL playoffs, Mark Recchi becomes third oldest player to score a playoff goal, behind Chris Chelios and Gordie Howe, and also becomes the oldest player to have a multi-goal game in the playoffs, (breaking Gary Roberts record set 2 years earlier) when he scored two goals in a 5-4 OT loss to Philadelphia in Game 4 of the second round. After suffering defeat in the Eastern Conference semi-finals against the Philadelphia Flyers, instead of retiring Recchi re-signs with the Bruins for a further year.

June: Sport: Taylor Hall is NHL’s # 1 draft pick.

June: Climate / Medical: ENMAX Corporation’s use of Paragon’s climate and environment research that demonstrates the toxic heavy metal issues and regional & global warming effects related to black & brown carbon particulates, volatile metal, and other emissions related to coal burning helps convince Environment Minister Jim Prentice and the Canadian government to phase out coal-fired generation plants in Canada.

August: Medical: Bock begins research to attempt to reverse a case of terminal MSA with severe cerebellar atrophy in a 62 year old patient who is rapidly losing her ability to control her speech and limbs and who is now confined to a wheelchair.  The patient has had a history of excess stress, sugar, caffeine, and alcohol, and a lack of adequate exercise.    

September: Science / Engineering:  Bock, Thorpe, and Paragon’s engineering team begin development work on a new stand-alone pollution-free power plant based on a revolutionary power cell developed by a private company known to Paragon.

November:: Sport:  Mark Recchi scores twice against the Florida Panthers to get his 1,500th NHL career point. 

November:: Medical: Bock finishes MSA / neurological research and advises patient’s doctors of the advised nutrition and lifestyle interventions.  Within 3 weeks of beginning the program the patient regains the ability to walk and move her limbs, as captured by her physiotherapist on three videos.  (These videos are available for review upon request, however out of respect for the patient are not posted here.)

However a few weeks later, under financial duress, the patient decides to cancel her daily privately funded physiotherapy sessions.  Within weeks she begins to weaken again.  Becoming discouraged and finding the dietary changes demanding, the patient then drops her nutrition protocol.  15 months later the patient dies.

2011 

January - June: Medical: Paragon and Bock are asked to research a method to reverse a very severe 12 year case of Chronic Pancreatitis, a debilitating potentially life-threatening disease in which stones accumulate in the pancreas, blocking the pancreatic duct, preventing passage of digestive enzymes necessary to digest food, and more problematically, causing the digestive breakdown of the pancreatic tissue about the blocked duct.  The patient, 32, is in serious but stable condition, 6’4” tall, weighs just 132lbs, and is prone to constant attacks which often leave him hospitalized.  Measuring 1 inch in diameter, his pancreatic duct and the pancreatic tissue around it has been severely eroded, and is full of stones.  The patient suffers another attack and is hospitalized.  His doctors advise removing most of his diseased pancreas. 

Paragon’s medical team is asked to intervene.  Bock does 200 hours of research, both on the disease, and on how this patient’s metabolic test results relate to the disease.  That research also quickly reveals the intense controversy & confusion within the field as to the causes of Chronic Pancreatitis and the different stones generated.  

Bock’s intensive research effort generates a new theory as to the nutrition-related cause of most cases of chronic pancreatitis.  Paragon then provides the patient’s medical team a preliminary targeted nutritional intervention in an attempt to: stabilize the pancreas to prevent its removal; help dissolve and pass the stones accumulated there; prevent the future accumulation of stones; and enhance the patient’s ability to digest and absorb food.  Within weeks the patient begins a remarkable and unexpected recovery after 12 years of steady deterioration.  Within 3 months, and without the use of anabolic steroids, the patient gains 35 pounds of lean muscle mass, and accomplishes 20 pull-ups — a strength level few full-time athletes achieve.  A barium test done at that point shows unprecedented recovery of circulation and regeneration in previously diseased pancreatic tissue.  The patient remains in full health today. 

March: Medical: Bock and Paragon are asked to help stabilize a difficult recurring case of diverticulitis that has been troubling the patient for many years.  Paragon provides the patient and his attending medical team with its PS1 Basic Metabolic Screening And Nutrition Analysis and a possible targeted nutritional intervention based on that analysis.  The plan is approved, and within 2 weeks the patients bowels are functioning normally for the first time in 10 years. 

June: Sport: In Game 2 of the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals, Mark Recchi, 43, becomes the oldest player to score a goal in a Stanley Cup Final.  In Game 3 he scores the final two goals of his career.  Recchi also leads the team in scoring during the Finals series.  On June 15, 2011, Recchi becomes a three-time winner of the Stanley Cup and joins Frank Foyston, Jack Walker, Mike Keane, Claude Lemieux, Hap Holmes, Al Arbour, Gord Pettinger, Larry Hillman and Joe Nieuwendyk in winning three or more Stanley Cups with three different teams. 

July: Science / Medical: Bock and Paragon are asked to assist a terminal liver cancer patient hospitalized with a very severely impacted ascending colon.  Patient has not passed any solid stool in more than 8 weeks, and has not been able to eat solids.  Despite the patient’s previous complaints, the impaction is only discovered after an attending physician orders an x-ray to determine the cause of a large hardened mass on the patient’s lower right side noticed when addressing the patient’s repeated complaint.  The x-ray reveals a very large mass stuck in the ascending colon.  For the next 10 days the medical team tries all conventional methods to get the obstruction to move, but with no success.  The attending team believes the patient’s colon has suffered nerve damage from previous drug therapy used to recently treat acute pancreatitis.  They are now getting ready to surgically remove the mass from the patient. 

Paragon deduces that prior & massive antibiotic infusions used to treat the acute pancreatitis have likely killed all the beneficial flora in the bowel necessary to make normal stool, and further suggests the involuntary muscle within the patient’s colon is not necessarily damaged, but dehydrated, physically and nutritionally exhausted, and as a result, no longer able to contract effectively to move the hardened enlarged mass. 

Paragon develops an intervention to (1) replenish nutrients & rehydration to the colon, (2) provide probiotic to help digest the impacted fecal matter and build healthy stool, and (3) provide lubrication to help move the mass along, while fully taking into account the patient’s liver cancer, recent acute pancreatic infection, and enhanced potential for recurring bacterial infection.

Result: Within 36 hours the patient moves and eliminates enormous amounts of matter (over the course of two movements), and his bowel resumes function. (see medical case studies)

August: Science / Sport: Gary Roberts continues to use Paragon’s nutrition and training research to develop 42 of the top young NHL players and prospects who are now coming to him for training & nutrition advice.  Canada’s Globe and Mail newspaper reports “So many pros are now turning to him, that Mr. Roberts has had to turn players away. A considerable portion of the league’s young players will be on the diet this season, with potentially as many as 10 per cent of NHL regulars 25 and under eating the Gary way.”     

2012

January: Science / Medical: Bock & Paragon’s medical team work through the night to provide life-saving sustenance and to completely reverse full respiratory and renal failure in a terminally-ill cancer patient.  The treatments provided allow the patient to clear the fluid from her lungs and legs, survive blood oxygen saturation levels as low as 60, and recover to an OxySat of 93 just 8 hours later.  Within 3 days the patient has a normal Oxy-Sat of 98 and is back to walking around the block.  Paragon’s emergency protocol include custom compounded nutrients that had been prepared ahead of time by Paragon’s Bock and Kuhzarani. (see medical case studies for how this was done)

April: Finance / Science / Engineering:  After more than 3 years of scientific, economic, and commercial engineering due diligence, Paragon advises an internal stand-alone investor group to participate in financing of a revolutionary pollution-free energy technology being developed by a private company known to Paragon.

July: Science / Engineering: Paragon’s Bock and Thorpe continue to refine engineering development of a new type of stand-alone power plant that utilizes the revolutionary power technology mentioned directly above.  

2013 

January: Science / Engineering:  Paragon’s Bock and Thorpe file Paragon’s first patent application on the new power plants in engineering development.

March & April: Climate:  HadleyCrut data on Northern Hemisphere temperatures show a dramatic cooling across many regions of the Northern Hemishere downwind of a slightly cleaner China and Asia.  This observed temperature data is consistent with Paragon’s theory on soot-driven climate change

Bock is once again seeing and feeling the rapid weather changes in Montreal.  Further, he is continuing  research on a quickly approaching new energy technology that costs little and generates no pollution.  The very rapid advancement of this technology, along with the “clean diesel” and other clean air regulations being adopted in North America, Europe, China and elsewhere, lead him to realize that within his lifetime, and possibly much sooner, the world could return to an era with very little anthropogenic smoke and soot pollution for the first time since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution when the first significant use of coal began.  Based on this, he predicts the world could see very rapid temperature drops in 10-15 years or less, all depending on the rate at which the new technologies are adopted.  

May:  Climate:  USGS study of the snowpack along the entire length of the North American Rocky Mountains finds that contrary to the normal regional patterns seen over 800 years, there were two intervals of spatially synchronized snow deficits identified, the first during the 1930s and the second again since the 1980s.  The scientists also found that the snow pack declines were largest furthest north.  These findings are consistent with Paragon’s climate forcing theory, which in part states (1) that the warming in the 30s was driven by excessive soot pollution, and (2) that trans-boundary transport of soot particulates are driving the majority of artic warming observed, both in the 30s and again since 1980. Paragon’s research evidence indicates these are just two of myriad of many different ways in which soots have warmed the planet over the past two centuries since the intensive burning of coal began, and later, large amounts of diesel and heavy oil. 

June: Climate: Despite continuing and accelerating CO2 / GHG accumulations since 1998, HadleyCrut data on world temperatures continues to show a gradual but steady drop in world temperatures since 2005, this after an interim leveling was seen after the maximum annual global temperature record was reached in 1998.  All this occurring while Artic Sea Ice continues to form at lower levels, and while Antarctic Ice continues to increase from previous levels, despite the predictions of GHG warming theory and models. These findings are consistent with Paragon’s theory on soot-driven climate change.

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